Abstract: As a product of native masters of the vernacular and the accumulation of thousands of years of tradition, local architecture embodies the physical and sociocultural characteristics of the environment of which it is a part. This is an indigenous architecture that displays the character of multiple and unknown local contributors and openly reflects the traditions, culture, experience and customs of the people it serves. Vernacular architecture differs according to the physical conditions of each region, becoming an expression of the culture of that area. Underlying it is the ancient wisdom, experience, skills and mastery that is transferred from generation to generation. The vernacular in architecture is the direct and unconscious translation of a society’s culture into physical substance within the framework of specified needs. It draws from tradition and with time, provides a social and cultural documentation that is passed on from one generation to the next. The aim of the study is to examine the residential works of the self-taught architect Nail Çakırhan, one of the most adamant defenders of vernacular architecture in Turkey and a recipient of the Aga Khan award in 1983, in the context of the house he built for himself using the local architectural materials of the region of Ula, where he was born, and the residential buildings he created in Akyaka, in an attempt to analyze Çakırhan’s contemporary interpretation of local architecture.
Keywords: Vernacular architecture, Regionalism, Nail Çakırhan, Traditional Architecture, Architectural and Cultural Sustainability, Aga Khan Prize, Turkey.
Abstract: The nature of 3D ability is deeply considered, but little is known about students’ learning and understandings of technology and about the meaning to become more technologically capable. We considered the spatial intelligence of first-grade engineering students, how much that improved to the effect of 18 times 45 minutes course of computer-aided 3D modeling. We consider the success of our 3D course in spatial intelligence. According to the result of the tests, one-third of the engineer candidates has good spatial intelligence. We introduce some useful problems in 3D education; the presented problems help the students in learning how to solve technology problems, and how to design objects. We offer the intellectual pleasure of problem solving through 3D problems. Our CAD course excellently improves the spatial skills of the middle third of the students. Computer-aided 3D modeling also bridges the gap for students with worse spatial ability. Dealing with students in a more differentiated way about CAD modeling would be advisable.
Keywords: 3D modeling; Problem solving; Technology and design education; Spatial intelligence; Mental rotation test.
Abstract: Geothermal investments change both the natural and the built environment. They affect water resources under the Earth’s surface as well as the natural landscape itself. Regulations of authority permit procedures apply to various subunits of the environment and occur at certain stages of the investment. This paper examines how transparent and consistent regulations are as well as what difficulties the investors could have during the different authorisation processes, which could influence the implementation of the project. Process analysis was used to examine domestic and international regulatory practices. We examine the stages where the required authorisation procedures for the construction of geothermal investments occur in the implementation process and what role the individual permits play in the process of the investment. The research found that the authorization process is extremely long and very complicated.
Keywords: energy regulation system, geothermal energy, direct heating utilisation, geothermal investment