Abstract: This study examines the impact of environmental design on user experiences in the educational spaces of Tabriz Islamic Art University in Iran. In the research area, the affective assessment of four different spaces, which have been changed their function, was made. The research hypothesis is that users’ affective experience is influenced by environmental and architectural design. The method applied is the interpretation of the data obtained by the scores of the pleasure-arousal diagram of the affective and perceptional experience of 100 students in 16 educational spaces belonging to Tabriz Islamic Art University in Iran. As a result of the research, it has been verified that space design style has an active role in the affective experience of students, and there is a meaningful relationship between user’s spatial experience and the design style. In this context, it has been revealed that the spatial experiences of students in traditional spaces are positive and satisfactory in terms of interest, pleasuret and security, and that for the other three groups, many changes are required in the architectural design and spatial organization to provide positive motivation and emotional suitability.
Keywords: Affective experience, Pleasure-Arousal Diagram, Design style, Environmental Design, Tabriz İslamic Art University.
Abstract: This paper aims to examine whether there is a direct relationship between spatial configuration and users’ behaviors in co-working spaces, and if so, how this environment and behavior relationship impacts their working process. The study employed ethnographic qualitative strategy as the general method of inquiry and used visual documentation, direct observations, and behavioral mapping as methods of data collection in two case studies. Analysis of the findings demonstrates that design elements such as barriers and fields are powerful tools for influencing and guiding users’ behavior within coworking spaces. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the relationship between design and behavioral patterns in co-working spaces. The research insights in this study may inform architects, policymakers and facility managers in making conscious decisions on the design of co-working spaces that are more meaningful to the users.
Keywords: Co-working space, spatial design, spatial behavior.
Abstract: The construction of the regular pentagon has always meant a difficult geometrical exercise for architects during the Middle Ages. As the correct drafting was forgotten after the Antiquity, several methods for its approximation had been invented in medieval times. As Golden Ratio appears between several parts of the regular pentagon, the role of the Fibonacci sequence in these approximate constructions is to be examined. The pentagonal drawing in the sketchbook of Villard de Honnecourt calls our attention to a possible way how medieval architects could have applied simple numerical ratios for getting angles they needed. The approximation of 72°, for instance, is likely to have been crucial for this pentagonal construction, as well as the approximation of Golden Ratio that could have been achieved by neighbouring pairs from Fibonacci’s sequence.
Keywords: Fibonacci, medieval, architecture, Golden Ratio, pentagon.
Abstract: In Nigerian, public building projects (PBPs) failure and abandonment constitutes one of the hindrances to the development of the nation’s economic system. Therefore, the links between PBPs management success and the built environment professionals (BEPs) is becoming an important field of attention. This study evaluates the application of project planning techniques in PBPs in Nigeria and project planning challenges related to their successful delivery. Review of relevant literature combined with experts’ input revealed twenty three factors; this form the basis for designing a questionnaire adopted to collect relevant data from BEPs. Findings identified poor strategic project planning aligned to project success, unrealistic expectation and overly bureaucratic hiccups from project initiators as the most critical factors influencing project management practices (PMP) affecting success in PBP delivery. The study suggests that unsuccessful project delivery is a reflection of inappropriately applied project planning techniques leading to serious project planning challenges.
Keywords: abandonment; failure; project planning; project management practices; public building projects.
Abstract: There is a growing concern that the sustainability of our built environment is being endangered, due to the uncontrolled and massive use of non-renewable natural resources in the production of structural concrete that is used for the construction of her infrastructure. Alternative material resources are being discovered through myriads of research efforts to address this concern. One of such alternative materials is the wood waste material. This paper presents a comprehensive review of properties, structural behaviour and application potentials of concrete containing wood waste, either in form of saw dust ash (SDA) as partial replacement of cement, or saw dust as partial replacement of fine aggregates, or wood aggregates as partial replacement of coarse aggregates. The results of the review showed that, (i) with appropriate mix design, wood waste, either in the form of saw dust ash, or wood aggregate, or saw dust; can be incorporated into the concrete mix to develop structural concrete that satisfies codes requirements, provided the replacement is not above 20%,.and (ii) concrete incorporating SDA has good durability properties against most of the process of deterioration encountered by concrete in service life. Thus, the use of saw dust waste in concrete will enhance sustainable structural and constructional practices.
Keywords: Cement, Durability, Saw Dust Ash, Strength, Structural concrete.
Abstract: Reykjavík’s largest church, Hallgrímskirkja has become a symbol and an important part of Icelandic national identity. This edifice result of conscious planning process with its location and form reinforce its national significance. Its impact derives from several elements. Buildings symbolizing the identity of communities are usually quite conservative in form. Hallgrímskirkja, however, has distinct individual features that stem from architect Guðjón Samúelsson’s aspiration to express the nation’s identity in a specific architectural form.
Keywords: Expressionist architecture, Iceland, Art Deco, national architecture, Lutheran Church, nature and architecture
Abstract: In our study, we focused on urban wastewater management, with special regard to the problems caused by heavy metal contaminations. Heavy metals function at low concentrations as a biogenic element, but at the same time in higher amounts (especially above the limit value) are considered as pollutants. We determined the basic wastewater treatment problem: which is the main problem of heavy metal contaminated urban wastewaters and how could eliminate heavy metals. We focused on wastewater origin heavy metal mobility in environment and effect (risk) on human health. In the following, we undertook to analyse urban wastewater in this direction.
Keywords: water management, urban wastewater, water pollution, heavy metal content, process analyse,
Abstract: Iranian domestic tradition such as privacy and hospitality plays a significant role in shaping the Iranian traditional housing. However, studies on modern architecture have rarely focused on the house architecture, which has been adapted based on domestic tradition. The aim of this study is to understand how some features of local traditions, like privacy and hospitality, influenced housing development during the modernization period in Tehran. To this end, through a qualitative approach and data collection methods, this study identifies traditional values in modern housing. By categorizing the new house typology into detached houses, row houses, and high-rise apartments, the study discovers how architecture enables the consideration of privacy and hospitality in the physical form of modern houses. As a result, the new organization partly belonged to the traditional architecture and partly became unique as an Iranian modern house.
Keywords: domestic tradition, traditional architecture, modern architecture, housing development
Abstract: Jørn Utzon, the Danish architect genius would be 100 years old in 2018, and he passed away exactly 10 years ago. Although, he produced an unparalleled professional output (including a number of implemented projects, many not built plans and some writings) on five continents, he has remained relatively less known worldwide in general, and virtually unknown in Central and Eastern Europe in particular. The paper intends to salute his achievements with reviewing his life and professional carrier with some selected projects, including his ’brand’, his impact and some lessons for contemporary professional practice. It is largely based on my recent research that concludes in the publication of a monography, due in December 2018, in Hungary.
Keywords: history of modern architecture, new tradition, additive architecture, Sydney Opera House, ‘Utzon brand’