Abstract: The present paper focuses on the way metaphors are created and connected to each other in Sylvia Plath’s poem ‘Getting There’. Analysing the metaphors within Fauconnier and Turner’s blending theory, a number of cognitive mechanisms are accounted for, which contribute to the readers’ understanding and interpretation of unconventional metaphoric pairings. The paper brings evidence to the fact that a metonymical extension of an element in an input space can function as organising frame for the input of a subsequent metaphor. It is also pointed out that the merge of the same input spaces can yield different emergent structures. If the analysed metaphors do not project identical elements into the emergent structure, the blends are not ‘run’ in a similar way, and, as a consequence, the listener is involved in mental simulations of different events.
Intertextuality, motivation and aesthetic function. A comparative analysis of the French manuscripts of Saint Alex of the twelth, thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
The legend of Alex, a Syrian saint who lived in the 5th century A. D., was popular in Europe during the Middle Ages. The Syrian legend was translated into Greek, from Greek into Latin in the 10th century and from Latin to French and other native languages. There are French manuscripts of the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries that are preserved. I made a comparaison between these texts and I found passages in the manuscripts of the 13th and the 14th centuries that I consider thematic amplifications of the texts existing up to those times. These passages are quoted from the Bible. I collate the verses of the Vulgate and the French texts for showing the stylistic modifications and the stylitic instruments of the authors who were forming their sources while rewriting.
Abstract: In print advertising, presuppositions are an important component of the overall message. In this paper the author tries to reconstruct presuppositions in advertisements containing a concessive clause or an argumentative structure, relying on Imre Békési’s interpretational model of double syllogism and cause and effect chains in argumentation. These concepts enable us to give a formalised interpretation of the implicit meaning expressed by presuppositions in advertisements with oppositional structures.
Abstract: The present study explores the spatial, temporal and affectual structures in Saul Bellow’s Mr. Sammler’s Planet implementing a deictic center approach to the analysis. The premises we adopt imply a cognitivephenomenological shift into the world of the narrative (the story world), into the conceptual locus of the deictic center, the moving space-time location where narrative processing and interpretation occur. The investigations reveal striking similarities in the organization of the aforementioned structures analyzed.
Abstract: The present study presents the deictic anchoring in Saul Bellow’s Ravelstein relying on the mental space concepts of viewpoint and focus in lieu with a deictic centering approach to narrative comprehension. The analysis reveals a duality of the viewpoint space in terms of the intradiegetic (inner story world) experiencer-I and the extradiegetic (outer story world) narrating-I, contributing to the diffusion of spaces and times in the novel. The innovative narrative device is a proof of Bellow’s inexorable talent to stretch the limitations imposed by the genre of the memoir.
Abstract: During the last few decades serious interest has been shown in the study of discourse markers (henceforth DMs) and it has become an important and extensive field for research. This “growing industry in linguistics” (Fraser 1999: 932) produces a considerable number of books, edited volumes, and numerous articles in several languages every year.
They are an important tool by means of which interlocutors attempt to guide the process of interpretation and social involvement in verbal interaction (Watts 1988); also they act as important hints to the addressee as regards what has been or is about to be said. These expressions work meta-pragmatically, commenting on some aspects of ongoing interaction, and are usually independent of the propositional content of the syntactic structure of which they are part.
In this present paper I am going to give an account of the differences between native (henceforth NS) and non-native speaker (henceforth NNS) performances in terms of DM use and present some influencing factors as well as provide the explanations accounting for them.
Abstract: In the paper, the Swiss linguistic situation is investigated from the point of view of language contact study, shedding light on possible communication models between the various language groups. An influential model regards global English to function as a local lingua franca. Later on, it is shown how these patterns can be applied to describe the linguistic situation of Europe from the perspective of English, regarding Switzerland as a model for Europe in this respect.
Abstract: Azáltal, hogy a kisiskolások körében a bocsánatkérés pragmatikáját feltérképeztem, kultúraközi összehasonlításra nyílt lehetőség. A cikk magyar és romanesz nyelvű első osztályos gyerekek szociális kompetenciáját igyekszik feltárni pragmalingvisztikai és szociopragmatikai vizsgálódások segítségével. Az empirikus mérés eredményeként olyan adatok kerülnek napvilágra, melyek konkrétak, és beépíthetők a tananyagba annak érdekében, hogy az ugyanolyan nyelvet beszélő, de különböző kulturális háttérrel rendelkező csoportok közelebb kerüljenek egymáshoz és ténylegesen megértsék egymás nyelvét.
Abstract: Pierre Ronsard’s sonnet constitutes a very creative re-interpretation of an ancient allegory (the sea of Love) which is considered to be one of the more important amatory figures. This allegory featured in both Greek and Latin from earliest until latest times, employed in several genres of verse, which reached an advanced stage of development in the hands of Ronsard. The purpose of this paper is providing a comprehensive and detailed study of the idealized cognitive model of the sea of Love from the archaic period until Renaissance, based on Ronsard’s 55 sonnet.