a borítólapra  Súgó epa Copyright 
Argumentum1 (2005)


  • Etelka Szabó :

    Abstract: Job Kunstetter is an honest, perfect and upright lorry-driver in the town of Tel-Aviv, his story is a modern parable which The partial conceptual integrations involved help the reader learn a lesson from the modernized biblical tale. These conceptual integrations are established by metaphors, metonymies, analogies and allegories even in the first interpretation, as every interpretation, even our first one is necessarily allegorical; since the reader maps one story onto another involuntarily, according to his or her episteme. Therefore interpretations always depend on the pretexts defining the reader's consciousness. Towards the mechanism of these figures named above the speaker realizes a mapping, projecting a well-known tale upon a concrete problem.

  • Forgács Attila :

    Abstract: This paper offers an outline of some aspects of the ellipsis—a complex textual, syntactic and rhetorical phenomenon—focusing on Latin and attempting to shed light upon the influence exerted by the surface structure of sentences in the mentioned language over its users' choice among the constituents to be ellipted. The author aims to account for certain bits of information of linguistic nature that might be obtained analysing grammatically incomplete sentences in accordance with the generative framework.

    The examples are selected from M. Tullius Cicero's First Speech against L. Sergius Catilina—a masterpiece that has been considered a prototype of the well formed text over the past two millennia.

  • András Kertész ,
    Csilla Rákosi :

    Abstract: The paper focuses on the relation between the analytic philosophy of science and modular and holistic approaches to cognitive semantics, respectively. The authors show that Chomsky's, Bierwisch and Lang's, and Lakoff and Johnson's approaches make substantial use of non-demonstrative inferences which the standard view of the analytic philosophy of science evaluates as fallacies. By outlining a metatheoretical framework centering around plausible inferences, the authors argue that this fact is not as devastating as it might seem, because the inferences the theories mentioned make use of are plausible rather than fallacious. This finding illuminates basic aspects of theory formation in linguistics.

  • Rákosi Csilla :

    Abstract: The paper puts forward a metatheoretical approach which is capable of reconstructing the argumentative techniques applied in linguistic theories. The main finding is that linguistic theories work in a way fundamentally different both from what the analytical philosophy of science and practicing linguists themselves assume, because they relevantly contain plausible inferences rather than deductive ones and they do not separate the stage of justification from the discovery process. These hypotheses will be supported with the help of a case study about the Standard Theory of Generative Syntax.

  • Darai Zsuzsanna :

    Abstract: Ebben a cikkben arról kívántunk áttekintést adni, hogy hol és hogyan jelenik meg Frege műveiben a kompozicionalitás elve. Kihangsúlyozzuk, hogy Frege értelmezésében ez egy olyan univerzális elv, amely a szemantikát összekapcsolja a szintaxissal, azaz a mondatokat alkotó kifejezések közötti szintaktikai szinten megvalósuló rendezettségnek megvan szemantikai szinten a megfelelője. Ha tehát a szintaxis szintjén egy mondat jólképzett, akkor a szemantika szintjén érvényes rá a kompozicionalitás elve. Azt mondhatjuk, hogy ez az elv Frege értelmezésében minden szintaktikailag jólképzett mondat esetében érvényes, azonban kizárólag természetes nyelvi szinten ható elv.