Why Does Man Build Churches?
Speech held at the re-consecration
of the medieval church of Gercse on August 15, 1997.
"Churches are the 'vesica
piscis' of our soul. For those who have faith the church is the gateway,
the Way, of ascension to God, of spiritual fulfillment. This is why we
must build churches at all times, and if they are destroyed we must rebuild
their walls as we have done here with the walls of the small Romanesque
church of the destroyed village of Gercse."
That Which Revives
Encyclopedia entry in the
Budapest Lexicon on the village of Gercse and the ruins of the church.
The Church of the Medieval
Community of Gercse
Exerts from the author's
study published in 1958 on archaeological findings, the history and architectural
history of the village and church of Gercse.
The Ruins of the Church
The architectural history
of the church including a drawing of archaeological findings and suggestions
as to the future role of the church as a church and possibly an exhibition
and concert hall for artists living in the area.
"As the church is the image
of the cosmos, its dimensions cannot be defined. The ceiling of the church
is built according to the starry sky: it depicts the night sky with its
innumerable stars visible to the human eye. In the East a glowing Delta
appears behind the place of the Grand Master: a triangle with an eye in
the middle, the eye of God." (Source: Dictionaries Des Symboles /Dictionary
of Symbols/ by Jean Chevalier-Alain Gheerbrant. Paris, 1973-74.)
From the Church of the Soul
to the Hell of the Flesh
The Church of the Soul
"The church, the sanctuary,
the saint place expresses the relationship between humans and the trans-human
in the form of a constructed ... environment. This space is separated from
every day spaces: with its high aesthetic demands it suggests that this
relationship must be deep, harmonious and organic. All great religions
and prophets emphasize the unity between earth (man) and the skies (Gods).
The church is the intermediate area where the two meet. Although it is
in the material world, the soul, the spirit is present within it."
The meaning of the word,
its occurrences in the Bible and throughout the history of the Christian
religion, its symbolism and theological explanation.
Our Mother the Blessed
Virgin. From The Madonna to Madonna and Beyond
"Saint Stephen, our first
king, committed his country to the Virgin Mary. Out of several holidays
connected to the Virgin Mary the Festival of the Visitation, the Feast
of Annunciation, the Feast of the Purification, and the Feast of the Assumption
are the most well known in Hungary. What does the image of the Virgin Mary
Mother of God mean to us today?"
The Aesthetics of Disappearance
"Satan, in the Bible seducer
of the woman who in turn seduces man, initiates the history of humanity
whose fate is that of disappearance rather than death, i.e. expulsion from
the world in which it lived first experienced as a conscious phenomenon."
The Flesh of the World
Exerpts from the author's
works entitled Merleau-Ponty and The Voice of the Earth.
Book review of Henryk Skolimowski's
A Sacred Place to Dwell. Living With Reverence Upon the Earth.
Gyula (S) Sipos:
From the Freedom of the
Soul to the Body's Hell
"Paul, in his Epistle to
the Galatians, poignantly raises one of the major questions of Christianity:
Do you want to live according to the will of the flesh and be damned, or
according to the soul and find salvation? Christians, naturally, chose
the road of salvation, heaven instead of hell, and to this end even turned
their life on earth into hell during certain eras of Christian history.
Was this sensible?"
Book review of Dave Hunt's
A Woman Rides the Beast. The Roman Catholic Church and Recent Times.
The Hell of the Flesh
or: the Church of the Soul
"One of the most determinative
elementary duality's of cyberculture is the contradiction between the lifeless,
heavy, flesh-and-blood body (...) and the ethereal body, the bodiless self,
of information. Among obsessed programmers, computer bandits and outlaws,
addicted slaves of video games and Internet-adventurers surfing the jungle
of the electronic library it is not difficult to find the conviction that
the body is merely a rudimentary appendage for which the twentieth century
Homo Sapiens - the Homo Cyber- has no use."
Church and Society
The Juncture of the Earth
Conversation with the architect
Imre Makovecz about the church he designed at Százhalombatta: "Petrified
trees surround a round space. We could say that we are in clearing,
or in a saint grove. (...) Smaller branches made of wood create a transition
between the petrified trees and the cupola. Therefore, growing things breaking
forth from the earth meet things descending from above, and what is between
the two? The transformation's "line of demarcation". Perhaps the most important
thing is that the earth and the sky meet. And this is not only a Catholic
concept, albeit a Christian one. This concept dates back thousands of years
and existed even before Christianity. It is a fundamental and important
problem. We can go back as far as Hermes Trismegistos who said that what
exists above exists below too, and what exists below is what exists up
above: what appears is the symbiosis of the two."
Book review of Evidence.
The Language of Recognition by Bodvar Schjelderup.
The Walls of the Fortress
Man, imitating his creator,
repeats the act of creation through the rite of building a house.
Book review of An Introduction
to Environmental Aesthetics by Dénes József.
A Buried Church in Buda
The article is about a synagogue
that itself had been buried, as have, on the dusty shelves of archives,
all written documents pertaining to it. The building is a truly outstanding
and representative work of medieval architecture which, if uncovered, would
elicit the admiration of experts and outsiders alike.
Book review of The Spear
of Destiny by Trevor Ravenscroft.
"The scene: Padua and Amsterdam.
(...) The former, Giotto's Venetian city, one of the most densely populated
cities of the Roman Empire preserving tradition to this day, a bit of the
North in the South. The latter, one of the citadels of one-time seaworthy
middle class globalism and the post-industrial world of today, a little
bit of the South in the world of the North; the Venice of the North."
Book review of The Twelfth
Planet and The Cities of the Gods, both by Zecharia Sitchin.
Holy Week in Csíkszentdomokos
"Tradition and customs are
what preserve the ancient, always unchanged single true order, which is
itself the divine order. All changes and innovations can be merely errors
which stray from the perfection of the initial stage."
Book review of The Mayan
Prophecies. Solved Secrets of a Lost Civilization by Adrian G. Gilbert
and Maurice M. Cotterell.
Church Bells Above the
Conversation with Dr. Felix
Frajka, church and school director, Franciscan Father.
"This nation should not
be pauperized any further, because eventually it will be unable to raise
a class of intellectuals which could help society reach at least the level
it was at before the change of regime."
The "Small Road"
The introduction to the
article reads: "The veneration of Heinrich Mai, the Franciscan friar who
died in 1922 as brother Jordan, is no longer limited to Westfalia and Germany;
people pray to him all over the world and ask for his intervention. Subsequent
to his Episcopal and apostolic canonization lawsuit his followers await
his beatification and canonization by the Saint Congregation of Rome. Following
are exerpts from Theo Maschke's book entitled The Life and Significance
of Brother Jordan."
Book review of The Secret
of Existence by Viktor Farkas.
Church on Rákos Field
In 1931 the Regnum Marianum
-Mary's Country- movement built a church in Budapest on Dózsa György Street.
The church stood for only twenty years: in 1951 it was demolished according
to the orders of Rákosi (Hungary's dictator at the time) to make way for
a monumental statue of Stalin. The statue was hurled down by the people
in anger four years later, during the revolution of 1956. A grandstand
was built in its place and a statue of Lenin, small compared to the dimensions
of the Stalin statue, represented the spirit of the church demolishers.
Today all this is only a bad memory. The movement has its own church once
The End of the Millennium
If Only There was a University
of Peace. Propositions to the Idea of a "World Peace" University
Professionals who earned
there degree at the University of Peace would be researchers, designers,
teachers, politicians, journalists, or even clergymen, who with their knownedge,
connections and individual examples could serve the intellectual integration
and humane civilization of an increasingly global society, and the continuity,
freedom and security of life on earth. They would be foremen rather than
David. C. Korten:
The Pathology of Money.
Money Contra Prosperity
Our world of money, instead
of creating prosperity, cheats us out of the fortune we already have: our
communities, our ecological system, and our productive infrastructure.
Happiness in the Crypt
A review of Jean Baudrillard
We Are Heading Towards
the Fall of Civil Society
Jerry Brown's radio interview
with Noam Chomsky.
"If, let's say,
people decided that instead of owning more and more consumer goods they
would like to have more free time, the market would not allow for that.
The market induces ownership, since ownership boosts production. But is
it really a human value if we own more and more things which we don't need?
The business world knows that the answer is no, and that is why it spends
billions on advertising."
A Gift to the Future
"Nearing the beginning of
the third millennium we have to admit, that what is on the other side of
the threshold does not seem too promising."
Book review of The Culture
of Narcissism by Christopher Lasch.
Once in a Thousand Years
"The more I think about
it the more I realize that the possibility lies before all of us to choose
our own millennium-moment. Not a volatile one that flies off with the beginning
of the new year, but nice long ones during the years 2000-2001 which provide
an opportunity to look back and learn, and to look ahead and plan."
Ways and Ways Out
The Economy of the Calvinist
College of Sárospatak 1800-1919
In the history of the college
the 19-th century is the age of changes. The religious laws created by
the parliament in 1790 provided the needed room for these developments.
However, the survival and modernization of the school was made possible
by a unique self-supporting economic model which was continuously able
to conform changing situations. Among other things the college, as a unique
financial institution, has its own place in the history of Hungarian credit.
The example the College of Sárospatak provides the present day organizers
of educational politics is one to be learned from; how an educational center
was able to maintain its educational and economic autonomy against a centralizing
Organic Gardening in the
Exerpt from the book Organic
Gardening at the Abbey of Fulda by Christa Weinrich.
The Third Road Between
the Sacred and the Profane
During the 70's and 80's
Poland was the birthplace of several artistic productions famous all over
Europe, primarily in the area of theater and the fine arts. One of the
main trends was one which drew upon traditional village culture lifting
art out of its usual environment of the city elite. Several artist and
intellectual groups left the city and began working in small Polish villages.
This was an especially important gesture during 1981 when the government
introduced martial law, and in the years that followed, when society as
a whole suffered a serious crisis and turned inwards. One of these groups
was the "Grupa Lucim". This group of artists began to work in a village
in central Poland, the population of which was no more than a few hundred,
during the beginning of the 1980's. This article is about their work and
results, written by the leader of the group.
The Scenes of Our Lives
Exerpts from the book Pattern
Language by Christopher Alexander and others.
"High mountains are also
important because they provide a chance to look down."
From László Székely's book
Devotion in Csík. The Religious Ethnography of the Székely's of Csík.
Masters and Workshops
"I Can Still Dive"
Interview with Dr. Judit
Vásárhelyi, managing director of the Independent Ecological Center, by
Severity, Freedom, Alliance
Interview with Ferenc Bárdos,
director of the Életfa (Tree of Life) Alliance for Environmental Protection,
on the history, operation and objectives of the alliance. By László Hollós.
Great Intercity Henriett
News-Saint From News
"Teddy Bear, whose name
is pronounced Ted Turner throughout the world, is a great anti-Soviet bear.
His heart, mind and liver are made of news, the rest of him of money, and
his fur is worth gold."
Letter to the Editor:
How to Associate Ourselves With a Wild Boar
("Dedicated to my dark green